Welcome To Golden Myanmar

The Land

Myanmar, known as the Golden land in the olden days for its fertile land and rich natural resources is the largest country in South-east Asia Peninsula sharing borders with Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. With a total land area of 676,577 sq km, it is about the size of Texas and the size of United Kingdom and France combined. This land stretches over 2090 km from north to south and over 925 km east to west. It has a 2832 km long coastline on the Indian Ocean. Over 50 percent of the total land area is covered with forests.

GEOGRAPHY

Myanmar, a republic in South-East Asia, bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of China; on the east by China, Laos, and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India. It is officially known as the Union of Myanmar. The coastal region is known as Lower Myanmar, while the interior region is known as Upper Myanmar. The total area of the country is 676,552 square km (261,218 square miles).
A horseshoe-shaped mountain complex and the valley of the Ayarwaddy (Irrawaddy) River system are the dominant topographical features of Myanmar. The mountains of the northern margin rise to 5881 meters (19,296 ft) atop Hkakabo Razi, the highest peak in Southeast Asia. The two other mountain systems have northern to southern axes. The Arakan Yoma range, with peaks reaching more than 2740 meters (about 9000 ft), forms a barrier between Myanmar and the subcontinent of India. The Bilauktaung range, the southern extension of the Shan Plateau, lies along the boundary between southwestern Thailand and southeastern Lower Myanmar. The Shan Plateau, originating in China, has an average elevation of about 910 meters (about 3000 ft).
Generally narrow and elongated in the interior, the central lowlands attain a width of about 320km (about 200 miles) across the Ayarwaddy-Sittaung delta. The delta plains, extremely fertile and economically the most important section of the country, cover an area of about 46,620 sq. km (18,000 sq. ml.). Both the Arakan (in the northwest) and the Tenasserim (in the southwest) coasts of myanmar are rocky and fringed with islands. The country has a number of excellent natural harbours.

Historical Background

Early civilization in Myanmar dates back to the 1st century with archaeological evidences of the Phu Kingdoms of Thayekhittaya (Sriksetra), Beikthano (Vishnu) and Hanlin. The first Myanmar Empire was founded in early 11th century by King Anawrahta. The Second Myanmar Empire with its capital in Bago (Pegu) was founded in mid 16th century by King Bayintnaung. The third and the last Myanmar Empire were founded by King Alaungpaya in 1752. In the 19th century, during the peak period of colonialism Myanmar was annexed in three stages by the British after three Anglo Myanmar Wars in 1825, 1852, 1885. During the Second World War, Myanmar was occupied by the Japanese for nearly three years until the Allied Forces reoccupation in 1945. Myanmar became a sovereign independent state on January 4, 1948.

MYANMAR PEOPLE

Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects. The major races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine, and Shan. The name Myanmar embraces all the ethnic groups.Population is estimated to be over 56 million.Composition of the Different Ethnic Groups under the 8 Major National Ethnic Races in Myanmar.Kachin comprises 12 different ethnic groups, Kayah comprises 9 different ethnic groups, Kayin comprises 11 different ethnic groups, Chin comprises 53 different ethnic groups, Bamar comprises 9 ethnic groups, Mon comprises 1 ethnic groups, Rakhine comprises 7 ethnic groups and Shan comprises 33 ethnic groups

Religion

Over 80% of Myanmar embraces Theravada Buddhism and there rest practice Christianity, Islam and Hinduism among the minority.

LOCAL TIME

Our Myanmar standard time is 6 ½ hour ahead of GMT.

Culture

Myanmar lies between the two great civilizations of the world, India and China; it has developed its own distinctive culture. Buddhism has a great influence on the daily lives of the Myanmar people. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for elders and simple native dress. While tolerance and contentment are characteristics of the people, Myanmar hospitality is legendary.

Climate

Myanmar has three seasons namely winter, summer and the rainy season. The winter, the best time to visit, is from October to mid February, the dry season runs from mid February to mid May, The rainy season commences with the Southwest Monsoon, from mid May to mid of October. As the country is large and diverse with many mountainous regions and forests, temperature varies from region to region. Weather is generally temperate and cool in the north and northeastern parts. Myanmar is a year round tourist destination.

Language

The official language is Myanmar; English is widely spoken and understood. Some Myanmar knows French, German, Mandarin and others languages.

MYANMAR LANGUAGE

45 million people speak 111 languages in Myanmar. Majority of Myanmar speak Myanmar language.

ALPHABETS

Myanmar alphabet consists of 33 consonants, and a few of them are semi-vowels (like ‘y’ in English). Myanmar vowels are not included in the Myanmar alphabet. They are stand-alone.

NUMERALS

CURRENCY

The currency in Myanmar is the Kyat. Present denominations are in notes: Kyats.: 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 1.

Now Government is freely allowed all the tourist to take USD 10,000 in cash when tourist visit to Myanmar. Government have been removed foreign Exchange Certificates (FEC) in 2013, and officially allow to use all foreign currency. Myanmar has much official exchanged counters in Major City and easy to exchange USD, SGD and EURO. Tourist can be used credit card (MASTER and VISA) allow any ATMs in major cities and tourist spots. But there have some limitation in withdraw of K300,000 which equal with USD per transaction and in using credit cards in ATM. For ATM cash withdrawals, there is a K 5000 per transaction fee, Tourist are allowed multiple transaction of 3 times a day.

Point of sale payments

The use of international bank and credit cards to pay for goods and services at outlets in Myanmar is currently limited but, Yangon and some of the more popular spots around the country, cards can be used at point of sale –transaction charge (4.35%) may be incurred.

By Sea

International Cruise Ships call at Yangon Port, under the arrangement with the authorized tour operators in Myanmar.

By Overland

Myanmar shares common borders with China, Lao PDR and Thailand on the northeast and east; and with Bangladesh and India on the west. At present, there are border checkpoints which allow tourists from China and Thailand to enter through these checkpoints with border passes and for third country tourists with valid passport and visa. If third country tourists want to pass through in or out Myanmar from border check point government allow Muse border check point from China, and Thachileik, Myawaddy and two others border check point in Thailand allowed with visa and special permission. Without special permission government not allow to pass in or out. We are able to apply special permission and working days can take about 4 week working days who buy the tour package services with our company.

VISA INFORMATION

Myanmar requires a visa for all foreigners visiting the country. It is valid for 28 days starting from the day you enter the country, three months from the date of issue. A valid passport with entry visa is required for all tourists and businessmen, applicable at any Myanmar Embassies and Consulate General Offices abroad. The international points of entry and exit Myanmar are Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport. Show your passport (with valid entry visa) and disembarkation card on arrival to the Immigration officer at the International Airport (Yangon or Mandalay).

Passport

A valid passport with Entry visa is required for all tourists & businessmen, applicable at Myanmar Embassies and Consulate General Offices abroad.

Types of Visa

Tourist Visa allows a stay of 28 days, extendible for an additional 14days.

Business Visa can apply for two types of visa:

  • Single entry visa. Valid for a 70-day stay in Myanmar, which is extendable at the rate of $3 per day of overstay. The visa must be used within three months of being issued.
  • Multiple entry visa. Valid for a six month or one year stay in Myanmar, which is extendable at the rate of $3 per day of overstay. The visa must be used within six months of being issued. Multiple entry visas are typically only awarded after tourists have received 70-day business visas, although there are exceptions that are considered on a case-by-case basis.

Both of these visas require an invitation from a registered company or government body in Myanmar, stating purpose of your visit. Visa costs vary from country to country, but multiple entry visas are significantly more expensive.

Visa on Arrival

Pre arranged Visa on Arrival is granted to citizens from any country that holds ordinary passports. And tourists have to but a package tour from a travel agent under license of Ministry of Hotel and tourism. The processing time is needed at least 3 weeks. We, MANDALAY HOLIDAYS TRAVELS & TOURS is willing to assist you for this and you just send your personal details as:-

  • Official Full Name
  • Passport number
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Nationality
  • Occupation
  • Date of passport issue
  • Date of passport expire
  • Scanned passport size photo
  • Arrival flight info (Flight Code and arrival time)

After getting data, we would apply pre arrange visa on arrival for you. As soon as visa is approved, we would send our recommendation letter to you and to airlines for boarding pass.

Currently pre-arranged visa on arrival is available to visitors from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, China, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

WHAT TO WEAR

  • Light, casual cotton wear because of hot weather
  • A cardigan or light jerkin, when visiting northern Myanmar in the cold season
  • An umbrella during the rainy season
  • Sandals or slippers
  • Quick drying clothes are recommended if you visit during the rainy season or Thingyan (Myanmar Water Festival)
  • The dress code for pagodas and monasteries prescribe decent apparel, no footwear is allowed when visiting pagodas and monasteries.

WHAT TO BRING

  • Insect repellent
  • Sun block, sunglasses, hat, umbrella
  • Personal medical kit

Most of the necessary goods are available at supermarkets and nearby stores.

CUSTOMS

Jewelleries, electrical goods and cameras must be declared at the airport. Antiques and archaeologically valuable items are not allowed to be taken out. Duty free allowance are 2 bottles of liquor, 2 cartons of cigarettes, 100 cigars, 1.5 lb of tobacco, one pint bottle of perfume or eau de cologne.

VACCINATION

Most travelers will need vaccinations for hepatitis A, typhoid fever, and polio, as well as medications for malaria prophylaxis and travelers’ diarrhea. Other immunizations may be necessary depending upon the circumstances of the trip and the medical history of the traveler. Insect repellents are recommended, in conjunction with other measures to prevent mosquito bites. All travelers should visit their personal physician 4-8 weeks before your trip. The sun can be remarkably hot and a hat and high-factor block cream is advisable.

ELECTRICITY

A.C 220 – 250V 50Hz. The Power Line is 440V.

MOBILE PHONE

Local telephone network allow any International roaming (GSM, WCDMA,CDMA). So, cell phone can bring from oversea are able to use within Myanmar. But roaming charges is a little bit expensive than other countries, and more convenience for Tourist to rent mobile phone or one used SIM card at the airport.

CLIMATE

Myanmar is an all year round destination. Hilly regions in the north and northeast enjoy cool temperate weather. Rainfall is also very low in central regions the rainy season.

POPULATION

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar has a population of over 60 million. The major racial groups are Bamar, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. The people are called Myanmar.

RELIGION

Over 80 percent of Myanmar embraces are Theravada Buddhism. There are Christians, Muslims, Hindus and some animists.

LANGUAGE

Predominantly Myanmar (Bamar) and ethnic minorities speaking Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Shan and other 135 hill-tribe dialects and also Cantonese, Mandarin, Hindustani, Urdu spoken Chinese and Indian Immigrants. Being once a British colony English is also widely spoken.

CULTURE

Myanmar lies on the crossroad of two of the world’s great civilizations – China and India – but its culture is neither that of India nor that of China exclusively, but a blend of both interspersed with Myanmar native traits and characteristics. Buddhism has great influence on daily life of the Myanmar. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for the elders, reverence for Buddhism and simple native dress. Myanmar are contented and cheerful even in the face of adversities and known for their simple hospitality and friendliness.

BUSINESS HOURS

Banks : 09:30 – 15:00 Mon – Fri
Offices : 09:30 – 16:30 Mon – Fri

AIRPORT TAX

10US Dollars for departure at the international gateways.

CUSTOMS

Foreign currencies (above USD 2000), jewellery, cameras and electronic goods must be declared to the customs at the Airport. Exports of antiques and archaeologically valuable items are prohibited.

HEALTH

Ministry of Health has been implementing better health care management system and the international health regulation for the support of health tourism. There are points of entry health services at the international airports and passengers are requested to fill in the health declaration form.

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